There are three main techniques for adding sound or audio files to web pages:
This page describes how to add simple streamed MP3 Audio files to web pages. It concentrates on Microsoft Windows® type PCs, but audio software is available for most types of computers. Many embellishments are possible: This page describes the simplest way of adding streamed audio.
For background information see: Overview: Adding Audio to Web Pages.
To stream Real Audio® see: Adding Streamed Real Audio Files to Web Pages.
This information is supplied "as is". Neither Curlew Communications Limited nor the author take responsibility for any loss or damage caused by use of the information.
Streaming is useful when the audio file will be replayed only once and is short enough to be replayed while the web visitor is online.
Perhaps you do not want people to download and store copyright files, or files which may soon become obsolete? However, note that determined users can record anything they find on the Internet, so simply streaming an audio file will not protect it from being copied. Streaming is especially useful when you want web visitors to remain viewing your web page while replaying your short audio files.
MP3 has become very popular. Files can be replayed by several hardware devices as well as many software players. Popular software players include:
For heavy traffic, the host web site may need to run a special audio server application. However, the ordinary (http) web server can supply occasional streamed audio to one or two simultaneous users.
Any live or recorded material can be used - but be careful of copyrighted material. The better the material, the better the results. If possible, edit the material to trim unwanted sections and equalise the audio levels. Software such as DB PowerAmp provides special pre-processing filters for equalising audio levels and improving the sound of audio files.
Analogue audio from sources such as tape recorders and microphones can be introduced via the sockets on the computer's sound card. Most sound cards have two or three miniature 3.5mm stereo jack sockets:
The microphone input often has an automatic gain control, and is suitable mainly for speech. The line input usually has a manual gain control. It requires a higher input signal level, but usually produces better quality.
Most sound cards contain an electronic audio mixer, controlled by the standard MS Windows Volume Control software, or by a similar alternative. This permits the mixing of audio, as well as the control of recording and play-back levels. While in record mode, it displays a thermometer type sound level indicator.
Volume Control can be launched via: Start ... Programs ... Accessories ... Multimedia.
The DB PowerAmp Music Converter, with its plug-ins, can record, convert, process and encode the audio. There is a basic free version as well as the more comprehensive shareware versions.
Normally, the compression and codec for encoding the audio should be selected to suit replay of the audio via dial-up modem links. This means keeping the output bit rate below about 28kbps.
The resulting MP3 output file should be called something like: c-dance.mp3
A special web file is required to launch the web visitor's MP3 player software and initiate the replay. To create this launch file, start MS Windows Notepad, and type just the URL of the encoded sound file on a single line. For example:
Save this Notepad file as something like: c-dance.m3u
Note. This example uses a sub-directory called "sound" for all launch files and sound files on the web site. Although not essential, segregating files makes maintenance easier. Similarly, the launch file and sound file have been given the same name (but different file extensions).
On the web page giving access to the sound file, place a hyperlink pointing to the launch file (ie. not pointing to the actual sound file). For example:
<A href="http://www.curlewcommunications.co.uk/sound/c-dance.m3u">Breton Circle Dance</A>
Now upload the sound, launch, and web page files to the correct sub-directories on the web server, and test!!!
If there is a problem, check that all URLs are correct.
There are some MP3 streamed audio clips on the Hemyock Castle web site. They can be accessed via:
The files replay at 16kbps - achievable by most dial-up internet connections. Some files were converted from Real Audio® format and so lost some quality in the process.
If the tape recording had not been damaged, the quality would have been at least "radio quality".
For further information, see the extensive help files at the http://www.dbpoweramp.com.
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